This ECG was obtained from a patient in a walk-in health clinic. We do not have any other information on the patient. We thank Joe Kelly for donating this interesting ECG to the GURU.
IRREGULAR RHYTHM If you march out the P waves, you will see that they are regular, at a rate of approximately 130 bpm. But the QRS complexes are not regular, and there are fewer QRS complexes than P waves.
WENCKEBACH CONDUCTION Looking closely at the PR intervals, you will notice that they progressively prolong. This “pushes” the QRS complexes progressively toward the right. Eventually, the T wave – and the refractory period – will land on the next P wave. That P wave will be unable to conduct to the wave, and no T wave of course, so the next P wave will conduct with a shorter PR interval.
We are including a short rhythm strip from this patient, with conduction marked with a laddergram.