Here we see the EKG of a 15-year-old girl. The rhythm is irregular, with the heart rate fluctuating between approximately 60 and 90 beats per minute. All P waves are identical, and the PR interval is always constant. Therefore, a sinus arrhythmia is present. In this case, it is a respiratory sinus arrhythmia, which is commonly found in younger individuals. The heart rate increases reflexively during inspiration and decreases during exspiration. This physiological sinus arrhythmia is usually no longer present in older individuals.
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